A youth detention center, juvenile detention center (JDC), juvenile detention, juvenile hall or - juvie, is a prison for people under the age of majority- when a young person reaches the age where one is considered to be an adult. Depending upon your state law, this usually happens at some point between 18 and 21.
Juveniles go through a separate court system, the juvenile court that sentences or commits juveniles to a certain program or facility.
Approximately 500,000 youth are brought to detention centers in a given year. The US incarcerates more of its youth than any other country in the world. Using the juvenile courts and the adult criminal justice system has added to the trends of incarceration practices in the United States. 70,800 juveniles were incarcerated in youth detention facilities alone in 2010.
*This data does not reflect juveniles tried as adults. Around 40% are incarcerated in privatized, for-profit facilities.
Once a juvenile is sent by the courts to a juvenile detention center, there are two types of facilities: secure detention and secure confinement.
> Secure detention means that juveniles are held for short periods of time in facilities: to await current trial hearings or further placement decisions.
> Secure confinement means that the juvenile has been committed by the court into the custody of a secure juvenile correctional facility for the duration of a specific program.
Juveniles can be charged and incarcerated for: with running away from home, alcohol possession, tobacco possession, and other offenses - that are not crimes if committed by adults.
Locking up a juvenile costs states an average of $407.58 per person per day and $148,767 per person per year when the most expensive option is used, according to a new report by the Justice Policy Institute.
I believe we need to focus on preventative measures. We need mental health professionals in our schools, we need out-reach centers that provide discounted and free support: from individual counseling to family counseling. We need community centers for children. We need better education.
Once in the juvenile system- we need to focus on rehabilitation centers not incarceration centers. We need to help these young men and ladies learn how to become productive members of society